FOD Prevention Procedures

FOD Prevention Procedures

Damage from foreign objects can lead to the untimely and inconvenient removal of aircraft components. This presents a problem, not only in cost, in unscheduled aircraft maintenance and overhaul repair of aircraft components but also in possible injury to personnel.

Any matter, debris or object alien to an aircraft or system, has the potential to cause damage to the aircraft.

Examples of Potential Sources of FOD in an Airfield

  • Pieces of scrap metal, solder balls and debris like clods of earth and loose gravel, littering the runways.
  • Loose electrical connections and terminals
  • Tools, hardware, and equipment left in the taxiways or runways.
  • Construction debris lying on runways, run-up pads, and taxiways and terminal gates.
  • Ice and hailstones         
  • Wildlife especially insects and birds.
  • Personal items such as clothing, phones including others, normally carried loosely on a person.

The elimination of foreign object damage is possible through the implementation of an efficient and enforceable FOD Prevention program. It should focus on the following preventive practices:

  1. Proper storage, shipping, and handling of materials components, and equipment. Establishing designated storage areas for all tools and equipment is necessary. All work areas must be regularly inspected to eliminate potential foreign objects debris like ladders, hoses, tool boxes and other work aids.
  2. Practice good house-keeping. All aircraft maneuvering areas must remain clean. You should incorporate “Clean-As-You-Go” ethics. Employees should remove any generated materials that are likely to cause FOD, at frequent intervals as they carry on with their work. This includes regular sweeping and vacuuming work areas as well as ramp areas to mitigate FOD as a result of accumulated foreign objects.
  3. Prior to the start, visually inspect components, assemblies and aircraft areas for potential FOD. All support equipment that is likely to cause FOD should not be used in and around aircraft. The equipment should be inspected before movement. Frequent and comprehensive inspections using sweepers and magnets on vehicles should be scheduled.
  4. Practice proper control, accountability, and care of tools, hardware, and equipment. Keep an Inventory of all tools and consumables used in the aircraft at the beginning and at the end of the shift. They should be marked to identify the origin.
  5. Proper control of personal items, equipment, and consumables. Loose Jewelry and clothing that can get tangled should not be worn while maintenance is being performed because they’re a potential FOD source that can jam moving parts resulting in injury.
  6. Incorporate FOD prevention training program to create awareness of the causes and effects of FOD. It should also promote active employee participation in eliminating FOD causes during daily work routines and operations. The training should be continuous and should apply to new employees as well.
  7. Report all actual or potential FOD incidents. All incidents found during inspection should be reported and investigated to determine the cause. Operations should stop immediately until corrective action is taken.

 

 

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