Gardening Tip Of The Week: Prep Up The Garden Soil

Gardening Tip Of The Week: Prep Up The Garden Soil

Do you want to know the secret to a productive and beautiful garden? The answer is great soil! Plants love it when they receive the right combo of ingredients in their roots. So, here’s our gardening tip of the week- prepare the garden soil. Here’s how!

Give It The Right Nutrients

According to expert gardeners from Amico, of all the elements essential for plant growth, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most important. They are known as primary or macronutrients because plants take them from the soil in the largest amounts. Fertilizers with these nutrients are known as fertilizers, although they are barely complete in an absolute sense.

Magnesium, calcium and sulfur, known as secondary nutrients, are also important to many plants. Lesser or micronutrients include boron, copper, zinc and iron manganese. Some micronutrients are composed of particular functions such as cobalt, which is not helpful for most plants but helps legumes in fixing nitrogen. Another critical component of your soil is its acid-alkaline balance or pH reading.

All these ingredients — and the proper texture — make for healthy soil.

Know What’s Missing

One great trick to identify what minerals are lacking or abundant in your soil is to get it tested. These tests usually measure levels of soil pH, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, potassium, and sometimes nitrogen. They may also unveil your micronutrient content of the soil, but this isn’t essential to the gardener who applies plenty of organic matter to the soil.

Examine The Texture

Soil texture depends on the amounts of sand, silt and clay it holds. Contact a professional gardener for to have a better understanding of the three main soil components and an easy test to determine your soil type.

Sand constitutes the biggest pieces of soil particles and feels gritty to the touch. Next in size are the silt particles which are slippery when wet and powdery when dry. The smallest pieces are clay. They are flat and tend to stack together like plates or sheets of paper.

You don’t need an expert to determine soil texture. Just pick up a little and rub it between your fingers. If the soil feels gritty, it is considered sandy. If the soil feels smooth like talcum powder, it is silty. If the soil feels harsh when dry and slippery and sticky when wet, the soil is heavy clay. Most soils will fall somewhere in between.

Sandy soils are likely nutrient-poor since water and nutrients rapidly drain through the large spaces between the particles of sand. These soils usually have low content of beneficial microbes.

Silty soils are dense and do not drain well. They are more fertile than either sandy or clay soils.

Heavy clay soils are quite dense, do not drain well and tend to be hard and crack when dry. There oftentimes isn’t much organic matter or microbial life in the soil as there’s no enough space between the clay particles.

Need help with garden maintenance? Hire landscaping services in Sydney from Amico for a productive and beautiful garden.

 

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